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Original article

Clinical efficacy and safety in telbivudine- or tenofovir-treated hepatitis B e antigen-positive pregnant women

Haohui Deng, Shuzhen Liang, Min Xu, Li Zhuo, Hongbo Gao, Keng Chen, Yuming Shi, Huihui Li, Qian Jiao, Liansheng Lin, Yan Lei, Huiyuan Liu

Corresponding author name: Huiyuan Liu
Corresponding author e-mail: huiyuanliu@163.com

Citation: Antiviral Therapy 2020; 25:33-41
doi: 10.3851/IMP3345

Date accepted: 05 February 2020
Date published online: 12 February 2020

Abstract

Background: Telbivudine (LdT) and tenofovir (TDF) are widely used in pregnant women to prevent vertical transmission; however, limited data are available on the differences in clinical efficacy and safety between the two drugs.

Methods: A total of 307 hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive pregnant women with complete follow-up data were enrolled, the patients with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels <1×ULN at baseline were enrolled to cohort 1 for treatment from 28 ±4 weeks gestation to delivery, while ALT levels >1×ULN at baseline were enrolled to cohort 2 for treatment from 28 ±4 weeks gestation and continued after delivery. The clinical efficacy and safety was compared in LdT- and TDF-treated patients. In addition, 32 patients in cohort 1 were analysed for nucleoside analogue (NA)-related resistance mutations at baseline and after delivery.

Results: The results showed that HBV DNA levels were significantly lower at delivery than at baseline (P<0.001), but the decreases in HBV DNA, ALT, total bilirubin and total bile acid levels did not differ between the LdT- and TDF-treated patients at different time points (P>0.05) in the two cohorts. However, gastrointestinal adverse effects (vomiting) occurred more frequently in TDF-treated than LdT-treated patients (6.6% versus 0.0%; P=0.001). The results of NA-related resistance mutations analysis in cohort 1 revealed that short-term LdT or TDF treatment did not significantly change the NA-related resistance mutations (P>0.05).

Conclusions: This study revealed that the clinical efficacy in LdT- or TDF-treated HBeAg-positive Chinese pregnant women is similar, and gastrointestinal adverse effects occurred more frequently in TDF-treated patients.

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