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Original article

Pooled analysis of HCV genotype 1 resistance-associated substitutions in NS5A, NS3 and NS5B pre-and post-treatment with 12 weeks of daclatasvir, asunaprevir and beclabuvir

Fiona McPhee, Dennis Hernandez, Nannan Zhou, Joseph Ueland, Fei Yu, Vincent Vellucci, Xin Huang, Xuning Wang, Hiroki Ishikawa, Yoshiyasu Karino, Hiromitsu Kumada

Corresponding author name: Fiona McPhee
Corresponding author e-mail: fiona.mcphee@bms.com

Citation: Antiviral Therapy 2018; 23:53-66
doi: 10.3851/IMP3177

Date accepted: 05 June 2017
Date published online: 08 June 2017

Abstract

Background: Daclatasvir (DCV; non-structural [NS]5A inhibitor) plus asunaprevir (ASV; NS3 inhibitor) plus beclabuvir (BCV; non-nucleoside NS5B inhibitor) is an approved regimen for hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT)-1 treatment in Japan. A comprehensive analysis of pre-treatment and treatment-emergent HCV resistance to this regimen ± ribavirin (RBV) was performed.

Methods: Data were pooled from five Phase 2/3 studies of DCV+ASV+BCV±RBV given for 12 weeks to GT-1a- or GT-1b-infected patients. The prevalence and impact of pre-treatment resistance-associated substitutions (RAS) in NS5A, NS3, and NS5B on sustained virological response (SVR) was assessed, as were emergent RAS and their post-treatment persistence.

Results: Baseline NS5A RAS (GT-1a: M28T, Q30H/L/R/S, L31M, Y93C/H; GT-1b: L31I/M, Y93C/H) were present in 5% (26/561) of GT-1a and 16% (85/537) of GT-1b sequences. SVR12 for GT-1b without RBV was 100% (82/82) with RAS and >99% (427/428) without RAS. For GT-1a, SVR12 without RAS was 97% (85/88) with RBV and 92% (410/447) without RBV; SVR12 with RAS was 100% (2/2) with RBV and 54% (13/24) without RBV. Baseline NS3 (at R155 or D168) and NS5B (at P495) RAS were rare (≤1%). Treatment-emergent NS5A RAS (mostly Q30E/H/K/R±Y93H/N) in GT-1a persisted 60 weeks post-treatment, while NS3 RAS (mostly R155K) and NS5B-P495L/S were no longer detected after 48 or 24 weeks, respectively.

Conclusions: DCV+ASV+BCV±RBV was highly efficacious in HCV GT-1 infection, including HCV GT-1b with NS5A RAS. The fitness of treatment-emergent RAS post-treatment was NS5A > NS3 > NS5B; NS3 and NS5B RAS were generally replaced by wild-type sequence within 48 weeks.

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