Antihypertensive and metabolic effects of telmisartan in hypertensive HIV-positive patientsJacopo Vecchiet, Claudio Ucciferri, Katia Falasca, Paola Mancino, Angelo Di Iorio, Raffaele De Caterina
Corresponding author name: Jacopo Vecchiet
Corresponding author e-mail: email@example.com
Citation: Antiviral Therapy 2011; 16:639-645
Date published online: 27 May 2011
Background: Hypertension is more prevalent among HIV-infected individuals than in the general population and contributes to increased cardiovascular risk. The angiotensin II receptor blocker telmisartan is also a partial peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ agonist with documented effects on glucose and lipid homeostasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antihypertensive and metabolic effects of telmisartan in hypertensive HIV-positive patients.
Methods: A total of 18 HIV-positive men treated with antiretroviral therapy and recently diagnosed with hypertension were administered 80 mg telmisartan daily. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), viroimmunological and metabolic parameters, insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, microalbuminuria, cystatin C and plasma levels of interleukin-18 and endothelin-1 were measured at baseline (T0), 1 month (T1), 3 months (T3) and 6 months (T6).
Results: Treatment with telmisartan not only decreased SBP and DBP levels, but also improved insulin resistance and microalbuminuria by T1. Levels of triglycerides significantly decreased and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased at T1, whereas total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were statistically reduced at T3 and T6. Cystatin C and endothelin-1 showed a significant reduction at T1, whereas interleukin-18 decreased at both T3 and T6.
Conclusions: Telmisartan was effective in reducing blood pressure and improving lipid metabolism and renal function. Reduction of endothelin-1 might be related to an endothelial protective effect. On the basis of these findings, and because of properties unrelated to blood pressure lowering, telmisartan might be the first choice antihypertensive drug for the treatment of HIV-positive patients.